Introduction: Environmental pollution is the most talked topic in the present world. Climatologists, as well as the conscious people of the world, are much concerned about it. It is being said that if we cannot prevent environmental pollution, the world will soon become uninhabitable.
What is environmental pollution: Environment refers to the natural world in which people, animals, and plants live. On the other hand, pollution means the process of making anything· dirty or harmful. Air, water, soil, sound, etc. are the elements of the environment. So the process of making these elements dirty or harmful for people, animals, and plants is environmental pollution. In a broader sense, environmental pollution means a remarkable change in chemical physical and biological characteristics of the environment.
Ways of environmental pollution: Our environment is polluted in many ways. Air is polluted by smoke and water is polluted by waste and filth. Another form of environmental pollution is sound pollution. Sound is polluted by vehicle horns and microphones. Odour is polluted by untreated human waste. The most serious way of environmental pollution is greenhouse effect. It is the result of indiscriminate· cutting down of trees. Trees keep the balance of Oxygen and Carbon-dioxide in our environment. When we cut down trees, carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases increase in the environment and cause global warming. This ultimately results in greenhouse effect.
Effect of environmental pollution: Environmental pollution creates a ruinoµs effect. If our environment is polluted, we cannot live a comfortable life. Pollution causes various fatal diseases and the death of millions of people all over the world. The world’s climate changes and brings about different kinds of natural disasters. In a word, it hinders the balance and harmony of the environment.
Global Warming: Over industrialization is one of the main causes of global warming. Global warming is heightened by the rapid, growth of industry, the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in packaging and, manufacturing commercial products, the use of detergents such as washing powder and washing up liquid and so on. The oceans are also said to be affected both because of human waste and because of pollution caused by industrial waste products, oil seeping from damaged supertankers and from other maritime disasters. However, the main cause of global warming is carbon dioxide gas, produced by the burning of fossil fuels and forests and pollutants such as methane and chlorofluorocarbons.
How to prevent: To prevent environmental pollution, first of all, the tnd1scr1m1nate cutting down of trees should be stopped. Besides, we have to plan more and more trees. Action should be taken against the indiscriminate use of chemicals and throwing of waste and filth here and there. Above all, public awareness has to be created through a mass campaign in the mass media
Conclusion: All things, that make up the environment are interrelated. If one element is polluted, all the other parts are affected. So, it is our bounden responsibility to prevent the environment from being spoilt. By keeping our environment pollut1on free, we can ensure a health1er and happ1er life for our future generation.