Introduction: Science has done the most impossible things, possible. One of these is the development of Information Communication. Technology Twentieth century was the most eventful and significant century in the history of human civilization. Today’s Information Communication Technology is communicative of research and innovations of science.
The present state of ICT in Bangladesh: The use of computer started in Bangladesh in 1964 when the Atomic Energy Commission installed a multi-frame computer. With the deregulation of VSAT, the exponential growth of ISP services took place in recent days. At present, there is some 61 internet service. providers in the country with VSAT connectivity mostly through Hongkong and Singapore. All the ISPs are in the private sector and provide a range of internet services like e-mail, browsing, chatting PC to PC call, net to phone, e-mail to fax, etc. Today, cybercafes have mushroomed in Dhaka and some other major cities.
The role of ICT for national development: In this age of globalization and ICT revolution, proper access to Information and Communication. Technology is a must for national development. The necessity of JCT uses in as follows-
(a) In business: By using different means of ICT, we have made our business easy and effective.
(b) In education: Schools, Colleges and universities need ICT as they have to store a large number of data and information.
(c) In entertainment: People get enterta1nment though watching movies in computer listening to music, chatting arid browsing through the internet, playing computer games, virtual reality and many more.
(d) In communication: Application of Information and Communication Technology is mandatory for using the telephone, mobile phone, e-mail, internet and other means of communication.
(e) In medical science: Most of the medical diagnoses, research, analysis cannot be conducted without the application of ICT. Human cloning, complex surgery, different types of transplantation, biological analysis, etc. are fully dependent on the role of computer or Information and Communication Technology.
Demerits: Information and Communication Technology also has some disadvantages. Computer, as well as ICT, is a means of cultural assault on the developing countries as ‘through computer and internet the young generation of the developing countries becomes interested in an alien culture. The terrorists and extremists take advantage of IT and cause destruction throughout the world. The hackers or evil programmers cause losses of million dollars every year. The spread of the virus through the computer network is also a destructive phenomenon for computer users.
Conclusion: There is no denying the fact that development in any sector cannot be actualized. without the direct assistance of Information and Communication Technology. Nobody knows what high an apex IT will soar in the future. Therefore, it is a pre-condition to keep pace with all the latest development of ICT for surviving today’s world. Otherwise, we will certainly lag behind.