introduction: The 21st of February is a red-letter day in our national life every year on this very day, the whole nation comes to the martyr’s monument and the ritual seems to reflect a purification of souls. Now, the day is being observed around the world as the International Mother Language Day. Thus, a national event of the Bangladeshi has turned into an international one.
Historical background: Oh this day in 1952, the brave sons of Mother. Bengal laid down their lives to protect the int.erest of the mother language. After the birth of Pakistan, the rulers of the. West Pakistan wanted to impose ‘Urdu’ on the Bengali speaking people as the state language of Pakistan. But everybody, especially the students of the then East Pakistan demanded Bengali as the state language. As a result, the Language Movement took place and in the 21st February 1952, Rafiq, Salam, Barkat, Zabbar, Shafiq and others sacrificed their lives. Many were injured and hundreds were arrested.
How observed: There are millions of martyr’s, monument in our country. Every year on this day people come to these monuments and offer their respect to the martyrs. The govern1nent, different organizations and institutions arrange programmes to celebrate the day. Besides a cording to a singular decision of the UNESCO on Nov. 17, 1999, this day is now the International Mother Language Day. The first International Mother Language Day was observed all over the world with due respect in 2000. Since then, the day is being observed worldwide every year. On the first International Mother Language Day, in a message, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said, “This day will help to raise awareness among the nations of the world about the enduring value of the.ir mother languages.”
Effector influence: This day possesses a great influence on the whole nation as it did in the past. This will go on in the future too. In fact, this movement influenced and led the nation to its liberation. However, we still find inspiration from the dreamy blue of this movement. On the other hand in the international atmosphere, the observance of the day reminds everyone that everyone’s mother language should be held upright. Besides, the day makes us aware of the importance of protecting every language around the world that are going to be extinct.
Conclusion: Our Language Movement on the 21st of February is a unique event in the history of human civilization. We are really glorified by the declaration of the UNESCO that turned a national celebration into an international event. We are proud of our language martyrs.