Introduction: Load-shedding or power-cut has become a common affair in our daily life nowadays. Electricity plays a very important role in regulating modern life. It is the life-blood of modern civilization. Any interruption in the supply of this vital item of energy, therefore, puts the whole system out of gear and paralyzes our life.
What is load-shedding: Load-shedding means disruption of regular supply of electricity in a particular area for a certain period. It may happen frequently or regularly. When the generation of electricity is less than the demand, it causes load-shedding. It the generation of power is not ensured according to the demand, load-shedding will continue.
The causes of load-shedding: The causes of load-shedding are many. There is a shortage of power supply in proportion to our need. With the increase in population, the number of homes and buildings has increased. More mills and factories have been set up in the country. But the ·supply of power has not increased. As a result, load shedding occurs frequently. Illegal connection of electricity is also responsible for this. Inadequate generation of electrical energy is primary-responsible for load-shedding. Unplanned distribµtion of power is also largely responsible for load-shedding.
Impact of load-shedding: The normal life of people 1s disturbed by load-shedding. Students have to suffer a lot for load shedding. Their sufferings know no bound when the examination begins. The frequent disruption of power supply causes immense suffering in the offices and houses. The housewives face troubles due to load-shedding. Electronic goods like refrigerators, televisions, computers, etc. Sometimes go out of order because of frequent load-shedding. The patients in hospitals have to undergo untold suffering when load-shedding. The print media and electronic media cannot finish their daily work properly because of load-shedding. The mills and factories cannot run properly because of load-shedding and as a result of production decreases. When certain areas are plunged into darkness because of load-shedding miscreants as well as anti-social elements come out. In short, people experience great difficulties due to load-shedding.
Remedies: People should be econom1tal in the use of r electricity. People should be raising awareness among themselves. It is unfortunate that power generation is still less than the overall need. An all-out effort should be made to identify the factors responsible for this poor generation and suitable actions should be taken with careful planning to avert this crisis. More power stations should be established to meet the increasing demand for electricity. The government should take necessary measures to increase the generation of power in order to relieve the people of the curse of load-shedding.
Conclusion: The consumption of power in the modern world is an index of development. The country which generates and consumes more power is considered the r more developed country. Today industrial as well as agricultural production greatly depends on power-supply. If the agricultural and industrial production is hampered for a shortage of electric supply, the effort for economic development as a whole is jeopardized. So it is very urgent to remove the curse of load-shedding from our country.