Introduction: Bangladesh has been perhaps the most important heart on the globe for NGOs (Non- Government of Organization). Some estimates place the number of NGOs in Bangladesh in excess of 20,000. There are many types of NGOs in the country, but most focus on development or poverty alleviation. Bangladesh is the birthplace of the micro-credit NGO, namely the Grameen Bank. Dr. Muhammad Yunus and his institution Grameen Bank have been jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006.
Purposes of NGOs: The main purpose of NGOs is to help an underdeveloped country in building up her financial infrastructure. NGOs exist usually to further the political or social goals of their members. Examples include improving the state of the natural environment, encouraging. the observance of human rights, improving the welfare of the disadvantaged or representing a corporate agenda.
The role of NGOs for rural development: NGOs play an i1nportant role for rural development of Bangladesh. NGOs with their constructive efforts have been promoting development strategics by creating unique changes in the field of economic progress in Bangladesh since her independence.
Poverty alleviation: Poverty alleviation is the supreme target of the NGO among various activities. There are different NGOs developing in our country patronized locally and internationally. NGO plays an important role in promoting the capabilities of the people having in poverty.
Health care: People of NGOs advise rural people how to lead a healthful life. They make people understand the benefit of building sound health. It also led to higher use of family planning.
Education programme: NGOs have taken long planning to provide primary education suitable for children living in the villages. In the field of education, NGO primary schools have above 2 million students.
Gender equity: Bangladesh is the only country in South Asia to have achieved gender equity in primary enrollment, in large part due to the role played by NGOs.
Socio-economic development: NGOs touch the fundamental elements of socio-economic. development of the country. If human resources are not properly used, it will be gradually inactive and useless for the country bringing to the utility. So NGOs with their pragmatic and practical programmers are always acting to bring fruitful aftermath of the said resources.
Development of agriculture: In order to develop agriculture they provide different kinds of tools, material fertilizer, seed and loan on simple interest. Sometimes they give free loan.
Standard of living: The villagers don’t have a minimum idea of regarding the nutrition of food and first aid. So, NGOs provide them, a little bit idea of medical science by which they can learn how to give first aid. In this way, NGOs play an important role in the standard of the living of the people.
Communication facilities: NGOs not only their’ own sake but also for the Ideal and national interest they build many roads, bridges and highways to provide communication facilities.
Conclusion: NGOs play a very important role in the developing country like Bangladesh. In all spheres of development, NGOs are reported to have created a landmark in the history of Bangladesh.