Introduction: Bangladesh is an overpopulated country For this, Bangladesh is burdened with a lot of problems. The unemployment problem is one of them which is a burning question of Bangladesh. In fact, unemployment proble1n creates many problems in the country.
What is unemployment: Unemployment is the opposite of employment. When a man is out of any kind of productive work, he is said to be in a state of unemployment. It is known to all that this problem is very acute when any country is overpopulated. Overpopulation is the main cause of unemployment.
Causes of unemployment: There are many causes behind unemployment problem Our country is overpopulated. The rapid growth of population is the main reason for unemployment problem. Our country is industrially very poor. The few mills, factories, and industries that we can only absorb a limited number of people. The supply of land is so limited that it cannot employ a large number of people.
System of education: Our present system of education is defective. Our present system of education does not give vocational training. As a result after passing B.A. or M.A. a student remains unemployed.
Nature of unemployment: Unemployment has two aspects-rural of unemployment and urban unemployment. Rural ure1nploytncnt is seasonal. Agriculture is a seasonal occupation. The farmers sit idle for about six months in a year. Urban unemployment is either industrial or educational. The educated unemployed are those individuals who are either unemployed for high qualification or underemployed as a result of wrong job-profile.
Demerits: Unemployment is a social curse. Everybody wants to live in peace and happiness. The unemployment problem obstructs this man’s expectation. An unemployment man has to lead a vagabond life. Life becomes a curse and a burden to him. There is a well-known proverb that an idle brain is the devil’s workshop. An analysis of social evils shows that the main cause of most of the crime is the unemployment problem.
How to solve this problem: There is well know proverb that where there is a problem, there is a solution. The solution to the unemployment problem is noted below:-
(a) A large number of mills, factories should be established.
(b) Vocational education should be introduced.
(c) We should control the growth rate of population.
(d) People should change their outlook and attitude.
(e) The government should supply interest-free loans.
(f) Our agriculture should be modernized.
(g) People should engage themselves in small business, dairy and poultry farming.
Conclusion: Finally, we can say that unemployment problem is increasing day by day. This situation is not good for the whole people. Therefore, timely and proper steps should be taken to save our economy and to protect the nation from certain devastation.